See 2 Corinthians 7:1; James 1:21; Acts 15:8-9; 2 Peter 2:22. . 13 It was just before the Passover Festival. They had been cleansed; their whole moral life had been changed, but they were liable to the corruption of every-day life through which they walked, and needed to be cleansed from the pollution of it. BibliographyWesley, John. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed , [ leloumenos (Greek #3068)] - not in the partial sense denoted by the word used for the washing of the feet, but in the complete sense denoted by the word here used, signifying to wash the entire person; as if we should render it, 'he that is bathed:'. What is here spoken of is not the forgiveness of sins, but the renewal, by which Christ, by gradual and uninterrupted succession, delivers his followers entirely from the sinful desires of the flesh. 10. B. Bruce, The Training of the Twelve, p. 351. This was to be effected by suffering Jesus now to cleanse away any stain that could be imparted by the work of the world, but no more. The author. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-13.html. and ye are clean — in the first and whole sense. He that is washed - This is a difficult passage, and interpreters have been divided about its meaning. This cleansing is effected once for all, and is never repeated. Our Lord, while graciously insisting on washing Peter's feet, refuses to extend the cleansing further, that the symbolical instruction intended to be conveyed might not be marred. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-13.html. John W. Ritenbaugh The Beatitudes, Part Two: Poor in Spirit. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/john-13.html. If we have been separated from Him for ever so little, His heart goes out to meet us the moment we return. He supports the statement by many references. Typically, the order of approach to the presence of God was, first, the brazen altar of sacrifice, and then the laver of cleansing Exodus 40:6; Exodus 40:7. That day had furnished an example; their pride and self-seeking was of the spirit of the world, and not of the spirit of Christ; His act was a cleansing from that, but it did not imply that they were not clean. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-13.html. Perfect passive articular participle of λουω — louō to bathe the whole body (Acts 9:37). II. He that is washed, &c. The feet are always apt to contract some dust or dirt; and in the mystical sense, he that is washed by the sacraments of baptism, or penance, from greater sins, must still endeavour to cleanse, and purify his affections from lesser failings of human frailty. This beautifully sets forth the daily cleansing which even regenerated men need from the defilement of daily life. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all. John 13:1-20.AT THE LAST SUPPER JESUS WASHES THE DISCIPLES' FEET--THE DISCOURSE ARISING THEREUPON. Отсюда следует, что омовение ног в собственном смысле приличествует одним ученикам. 1871-8. We must seek the spiritual meaning. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". Compare note on John 11:55. It meant, "Only your feet need washing." Such an one cannot bear to accept forgiveness, but always desires to earn it. In the Beginning was the Word (John 1:1-18) I Have Called You Friends (John 1:35-51, John 15:15) Water Into Wine At the Wedding at Cana (John 2:1-11) Jesus Teaches Nicodemus (John 3:1-21) Jesus and the Samaritan Woman at the Well (John 4) Jesus Heals on the Sabbath (John 5) Jesus the Bread of Life (John 6) Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind (John 9) (Compare Exodus 30:18, Exodus 30:19). Compare 1 John 1:7-10.]. Broadman Press 1932,33. for there was one in whom that faith and love were overborne, neutralized, and destroyed by a supreme purpose of treason. Their feet were dusty from walking. But yet He calls them clean, because as he said to them that very same evening, "Ye are they who have continued with Me" in my temptations. Note on John 15:4.). 10.] Again, the other comparison was also applied to the case in hand, that Peter might not set aside the washing of the feet as foolish; for, as Christ washes from the head to the feet, those whom he receives as his disciples, so, in those whom he has cleansed, the lower part remains to be daily cleansed. He that is bathed (comp. All had been washed: the feet of Judas were as clean as those of Peter. As that hardened hypocrite (44) was utterly desperate, the warning served only to aggravate his guilt; but it was of great advantage to the other disciples, for by means of it the Divinity of Christ was more fully made known to them, and they likewise perceived that purity is no ordinary gift of the Holy Spirit. And ye are clean - in the first and whole sense, but not all , [ all' (Greek #235) ouchi (Greek #3780) pantes (Greek #3956)] - 'yet not all;'. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. The lesson is that all, from Apostles downwards, need the daily renewing of the grace of God; and that none should find in failure, or even in the evil which clings to his daily path, reason for questioning the reality of the moral change which has made him the child of God. But Judas was not clean. 10.] "Commentary on John 13:10". (Luk 13:10-17) False religion is manifested in the synagogue. It certainly was not because they were free from sin altogether. but not all — important, as showing that Judas, instead of being as true-hearted a disciple as the rest at first, and merely falling away afterwards - as many represent it - never experienced that cleansing at all which made the others what they were. BibliographySchaff, Philip. We are not clean, indeed, too many of us; but that Gospel which is preached unto us holds out to every one of the children of men who need it, a fountain for sin and for uncleanness, a means whereby our sins, though scarlet, may be made as white as snow, and we, like the Apostles, may stand in the sight of God as "clean every whit.". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-13.html. This is not to call in question the completeness of our past justification. It is the daily cleansing which we are taught to seek, when in the spirit of adoption we say, “Our Father which art in heaven … forgive us our debts” (Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:12); and, when burdened with the sense of manifold shortcomings - as what tender spirit of a Christian is not? He who is once cleansed by the blood of Christ only needs, after this, to come to Christ for partial cleansing; for the forgiveness of the special sins that make him unclean. xxii. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-13.html. See Luke 5:2. It is the readiness of repentance that marks the childlike character. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/john-13.html. And so, indeed, we might think justly if our notions of faith were the same as those of the Scripture. Except for his feet. If this is the case then, we may think at first sight that we too are all clean, because our faith in Christ has never failed us, and we have continued in His service ever since we were born. On the other hand, he who fasts must wash ( νὶψαι ) his face (Matthew 6:17). Is clean - This word may apply to the body or the soul. H. Thorn, Laws of Life after the Mind of Christ, 3rd series, p. 316. But not all; the most of you are so, but not all. The term feet, therefore, is metaphorically applied to all the passions and cares by which we are brought into contact with the world; for, if the Holy Spirit occupied every part of us, we would no longer have anything to do with the pollutions of the world; but now, by that part in which we are carnal, we creep on the ground, or at least fix our feet ill the clay, and, therefor are to some extent unclean. The A.V. Needeth not save to wash his feet - To cleanse them from any dirt or dust that might have adhered to them, in consequence of walking from the bath to the place of supper. This bathing, the bath of the new birth, but only yet in its foreshadowing, in the purifying effect of faith working by love, the Apostles, with one exception, had; and this foot-washing represented to them, besides its lesson of humility and brotherly love, their daily need of cleansing from daily pollution, even after spiritual regeneration, at the hands of their Divine Master. But his meaning here perhaps rather is; ‘If having part in Thee depends on being washed by Thee, wash all Thou canst.’ S. Peter excellently illustrates Christ’s saying. One there was among those who had been bathed who had allowed evil to enter into his heart and pollute it. iii. For, in spite of that imperfection, there was in their heart a predominant faith in and love to him their justifying Saviour. Ye are clean, but not all - Eleven of you are upright and sincere; the twelfth is a traitor. BibliographyCalvin, John. The ground of the figurative language hardly needs explanation: he who has just been cleansed in the bath has only further to wash his feet as he proceeds from the bath to the banquet in order that he may sit down there wholly clean. College Press, Joplin, MO. He that is washed—in this thorough sense, to express which the word is carefully changed to one meaning to wash as in a bath. It was so morally. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-13.html. What a contrast to the eleven do these words present: they full of faith and love, ‘clean;’ Judas with his heart full of evil passions, at that very moment his treachery not a thing of the future, but of the present. If this is the case then, we may think at first sight that we too are all clean, because our faith in Christ has never failed us, and we have continued in His service ever since we were born. Occurs twenty-seven times, translated ten times "clean", sixteen "pure", and once "clear "(Revelation 21:18) = free from impurity or dross. They were men who when many others had gone back and walked no more with Him, and when they themselves did not understand aright those words of their Lord which had given so much offence, yet replied to Him when He asked them, "Will ye also go away?" The issue was intimate fellowship. In saying you are already clean, Jesus repeated an idea from earlier in the evening: that there is an initial cleansing, and then a continuing cleansing (John 13:10). 32. in Joan.). “Now before the festival of the Passover, Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart from this world and go to the Father. Однако добавляется оговорка, дабы каждый из них исследовал сам себя, и дабы Иуда, возможно, почувствовал раскаяние. BibliographyNicoll, William R. "Commentary on John 13:10". "E.W. But meanwhile our Lord knows full well that we shall often be taken in all manner of faults, and He is ready to cleanse us the moment we come back to Him. "Sermon Bible Commentary". BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 13:10". chap. (Compare Exodus 30:18-19.) (St. Ambrose, lib. John 13:10 Jesus said to him, He that is washed needs not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and you are clean, but not all. As the father met the prodigal son, so our Lord sees us and welcomes us when we are yet a great way off. Most people agree that John, Jesus’ *disciple, wrote the 4th *Gospel. The Expositor's Greek Testament. The meaning of the remark seems to be, simply, that, for his purpose at that time, the washing of the feet was all that was necessary. He that is washed; that is, bathed, as the original implies, which here uses a different word from the preceding. Dom. Anger John 2:12-25. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed, [ leloumenos (Greek #3068)] - not in the partial sense denoted by the word used for the washing of the feet, but in the complete sense denoted by the word here used, signifying to wash the entire person; as if we should render it, 'he that is bathed:'. (10) He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet.—Better, He who has bathed . Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Ver. Bishop Temple, Rugby Sermons, 2nd series, p. 116. See the Matthew 15:2 note; Mark 7:3-4 notes. "Commentary on John 13:10". All rights reserved. Bibliography"Commentary on John 13:10". Ye are clean; you, who are my apostles, are clean; you are washed, you are justified, I have forgiven your sins, accepted your persons. But meanwhile our Lord knows full well that we shall often be taken in all manner of faults, and He is ready to cleanse us the moment we come back to Him. Read . And you are clean. save to wash his feet — needeth to do no more than wash his feet (and here the former word is resumed, meaning to wash the hands or feet). 1905. Needeth not save to wash his feet - To cleanse them from any dirt or dust that might have adhered to them, in consequence of walking from the bath to the place of supper. 32. in Joan.) In the text our Lord declared that He would wash the defilement of the feet in the ways of the world, and not merely cleanse once for all, but ever renew the cleansing as it was needed. 32 And since God receives glory because of the Son, # 13:32 Several early manuscripts do not include And since God receives glory because of the Son. Unbelief hinders relationship, but love provides a means for relationship (13:10 … Ученикам же оно принесло большую пользу, ибо отсюда ярче заблистало божество Христа. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Psalms 51:2: Genesis 6:9 2 Samuel 12:15 2 Kings 4:35 John 13:6-10 John 13:10-11 Hebrews 4:15 Psalms 51:1 : Psalms 51:3 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment And you are clean, though not every one of you." The Gospels contain many instances of faults, even amongst the most eminent of their number, which prove quite clearly that they were far from perfect. Reference appears to be made to the fact that one who has bathed, after he has reached his home, needs not entire washing, but only to have his feet washed from the dust of the way. 1887. “Ad convivium vocati solebant prius in balneo lavari; in domo vero convivatoris nonnisi pedes, quibus in via pulvis aut sordes adhaeserant, a servis abluebantur, ne lecti, super quibus accumbebant, macularentur.” Wetstein. 10.Needeth not save’ his feet—For in this act of washing the feet, which, being the lowest part of the body, are the emblem of our entire impure nature, the cleansing away of our entire impurity is symbolized. Он намеренно не стал упоминать имя, чтобы не закрыть преступнику дверь к покаянию. The Bathed must yet be Cleansed . Every whit; entirely. (13:10-11) John will return to Judas' evil role that night in verses 21-30. And you are clean. Of the two cleansings, the one points to that which takes place at the commencement of the Christian life, embracing complete absolution from sin as a guilty state, and entire deliverance from it as a polluted life (Revelation 1:5; 1 Corinthians 6:11) - or, in the language of theology, Justification and Regeneration. For him cleansing had been neglected, and the daily corruption of the world had remained; evil thoughts had been harboured, until at length they had made corrupt the whole man. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/john-13.html. John Part 1 10 lessons covering John 1-6 with Lesson Six a study on Being Born Again and Lesson Ten a Topical Study on Jesus' Disciples; John Part 2 8 lessons covering John 7-11. All other rights reserved. Renewal 1960. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-13.html. 1.) Compare note on John 11:55. The meaning of the remark seems to be, simply, that, for his purpose at that time, the washing of the feet was all that was necessary. Of the two cleansings, the one points to that which takes place at the commencement of the Christian life, embracing complete absolution from sin as a guilty state, and entire deliverance from it as a polluted life (Revelation 1:5; 1 Corinthians 6:11) - or, in the language of theology, Justification and Regeneration. BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 13:10". This proposition may be said to be the minor in the syllogism, and hence it follows that the washing of the feet applies to them with strict propriety. Save to wash, [ nipsasthai (G3538)] his feet - that is, 'needeth to do no more than wash his feet;' the former word being now resumed. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-13.html. Jesus saith to him, He that is bathed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all. He calls them clean therefore, because their faith in Him had not failed; but they had continued with Him in all His temptations, and loved Him better than any other service. Consider what it was in our Lord's Apostles that made Him say to them that, with one exception, they were all clean. John 13:11. Discover practical insights into the Book of John. The Greek word signifies a complete ablution. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. Probably reference is had here to internal purity, as Jesus was fond of drawing illustrations from every quarter to teach them spiritual doctrine; as if he had said, “You are clean by my word and ministry John 15:3; you are my followers, and are prepared for the scene before you. That day had furnished an example; their pride and self-seeking was of the spirit of the world, and not of the spirit of Christ; His act was a cleansing from that, but it did not imply that they were not clean. Ye are clean; you, who are my apostles, are clean; you are washed, you are justified, I have forgiven your sins, accepted your persons. It is by newness of life, therefore, that we must testify ourselves to be the disciples of Christ, for he declares that he is the Author of purity in all his followers. Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. John 13:10, ESV: "Jesus said to him, “The one who has bathed does not need to wash, except for his feet, but is completely clean.. And you are clean, but not every one of you. Yet not all clean; for there was one in whom that faith and love were overborne, neutralized, and destroyed by a supreme purpose of treason. Some have supposed that it was customary to bathe before eating the paschal supper, and that the apostles did it; Jesus having said, “he that hath bathed his body is clean except in regard to his feet - to the dirt contracted in returning from the bath, and that there was need only that the feet should be washed in order to prepare them properly to receive the supper.” They suppose, also, that the lesson which Jesus meant to teach was that they were really pure John 15:3; that they were qualified to partake of the ordinances of religion, and needed only to be purified from occasional blemishes and impurities (Grotius). de Sacram. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. The ground of the figurative language hardly needs explanation: he who has just been cleansed in the bath has only further to wash his feet as he proceeds from the bath to the banquet in order that he may sit down there wholly clean. Note on John 15:4.). BibliographyScofield, C. I. We are to love one another as Jesus has loved us. The children of God are not altogether regenerated on the first day, so as to aim at nothing but the heavenly life; but, on the contrary, the remains of the flesh continue to dwell in them, with which they maintain a continued struggle throughout their whole life. This sentence is singularly instructive. louo. The other cleansing, described as that of “the feet,” is such as one walking from a bath quite cleansed still needs, in consequence of his contact with the earth. They had all been truly united to Jesus except one; and there is sadness in the way in which the words are added, ‘but not all.’. This sentence is singularly instructive. "Commentary on John 13:10". Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. II. The man who has been bathed is clean, but his feet coming in contact with the dust of the road need to be washed. In Luke 6:16 Judas is called προδότης, ‘a traitor;’ but elsewhere παραδιδόναι, not προδιδόναι, is the word used to express his crime. We have never made it our deliberate choice to abide with Him, let who would forsake Him, because we were sure that He had the words of eternal life. Now He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath. Thus Christ always finds in us something to cleanse. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. The term feet, therefore, is metaphorically applied to all the passions and cares by which we are brought into contact with the world; for, if the Holy Spirit occupied every part of us, we would no longer have anything to do with the pollutions of the world; but now, by that part in which we are carnal, we creep on the ground, or at least fix our feet ill the clay, and, therefor are to some extent unclean. Jesus *said to him, "He who has bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you. “He that has been in the bath has no need to wash save his feet, but is all clean.” His feet may be soiled by walking from the public bath to the supper chamber, and it is enough that they be washed. JOHN: PRECEPT UPON PRECEPT Precept Ministries International Inductive Study. Rabbi and Lord (13:12-13) The acted parable is over. Is clean - This word may apply to the body or the soul. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-13.html. 1851. 1896. and ye are clean — in the first and whole sense. But is clean every whit , [ katharos (Greek #2513) holos (Greek #3650)] - 'clean as a whole,' or entirely clean. But not all - You are not all my true followers, and fitted for the ordinance before us. --- Though his disciples were clean, still he washed their feet, comformably to that of the Apocalypse, chap. The other cleansing, described as that of "the feet," is such, for example, as one walking from a bath quite cleansed still needs, in consequence of his contact with the earth. This cleansing is effected once for all, and is never repeated. Peter and the apostles ought not to forget this. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. And you, my apostles, are clean from greater offences, but not all of you, meaning the traitor Judas. And as, when we come to this rite, having washed, there remains no need of washing except to wash the feet, so there is now nothing remaining but for me to show you an example that you will always remember, and that shall complete my public instructions to you.”. Thus, when Dorcas died (Acts 9:37) they bathed her body ( λούσαντες ). И вы чисты. Note on John 11:28.) 3. . BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. "Commentary on John 13:10". It is the sin which remains on the conscience that withers and destroys all religious life. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". Christ answers that this was not so. (Origen, tract. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. It was so morally. "People's New Testament". Clean, but not all—Clean, not merely by this act of washing, but clean by the forgiving power of my blood; clean even in spite of their just previous contention for the precedency. It is the sin which, whether great or small in itself, we will not repent of; it is the sin which we are too proud to set right, that really keeps us from our Saviour. If these last words of our Lord had any spiritual reference, it is not easy to say what it was. Of the two cleansings, the one points to that which takes place at the commencement of the Christian life, embracing complete absolution from sin as a guilty state, and entire deliverance from it as a polluted life (Revelation 1:5; 1 Corinthians 6:11) - or, in the language of theology, Justification and Regeneration. The ritual could not remove the terrible sin that he was about to commit against his Creator. washed Lit. "Commentary on John 13:10". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". The lesson is that all, from Apostles downwards, need the daily renewing of the grace of God; and that none should find in failure, or even in the evil which clings to his daily path, reason for questioning the reality of the moral change which has made him the child of God. As that hardened hypocrite (44) was utterly desperate, the warning served only to aggravate his guilt; but it was of great advantage to the other disciples, for by means of it the Divinity of Christ was more fully made known to them, and they likewise perceived that purity is no ordinary gift of the Holy Spirit. (Compare Exodus 30:18-19.) Others say that there is not evidence that the Jews bathed before partaking of the Paschal Supper, but that reference is made to the custom of washing their hands and their face. 3. . So it appears he had washed the feet of all the twelve; but as no external ablutions can purify a hypocrite or a traitor, therefore Judas still remained unclean. Peter’s words had shown that he did not fully understand he application of the figure, and that he did not see that the washing of more than the feet, which had alone been in a position to contract defilement, implied that the first cleansing had not been so thorough as it really was. Their feet were dusty from walking. For fellowship to occur, there must be daily cleansing through honest confession of all known sin (1 John 1:9). All three verbs occur in Leviticus 15:11(Sept.). It is the sin which, whether great or small in itself, we will not repent of; it is the sin which we are too proud to set right, that really keeps us from our Saviour. Thus, when Dorcas died (Acts 9:37) they bathed her body ( λούσαντες ). Clean, but not all; washed in the bath or regeneration, with one exception. Jesus knew that the hour had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. John 13:10a Jesus had said earlier, What I do now you don't understand. 1; St. Bernard, de cæn. John’s father was called Zebedee. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/john-13.html. So begins the second half of John’s Gospel. Some have supposed that it was customary to bathe before eating the paschal supper, and that the apostles did it; Jesus having said, “he that hath bathed his body is clean except in regard to his feet - to the dirt contracted in returning from the bath, and that there was need only that the feet should be washed in order to prepare them properly to receive the supper.” They suppose, also, that the lesson which Jesus meant to teach was that they were really pure John 15:3; that they were qualified to partake of the ordinances of religion, and needed only to be purified from occasional blemishes and impurities (Grotius). Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. Bishop Temple, Rugby Sermons, 2nd series, p. 116.
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