Sackcloth availed, what the purple robe availed not. Jonah ( Jonah 4:11) mentions the children as numbering one hundred twenty thousand, which would give about a million to the whole population. It even reaches the ears of the king, who proclaims a fast of both humans and beasts. Summary-As soon as Jonah’s proclamation reached Nineveh’s king, he began mourning, and proclaimed that every man and beast in the land should refrain from eating food or drinking.Rather, they should cover themselves in sackcloth and call out mightily to the Lord. See 1Kings 19:13.) ", Strange credulity, had Jonah's message not been true; strange madness of unbelief which does not repent when a Greater than Jonah cries Matthew 4:17, "Repent ye, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." Jonah 3:10. Jonah Jonah Flees the Presence of the Lord. For the usual signs of Oriental mourning, comp. In chapter 1, we saw Jonah trying to run away from God. To whom we may answer, 'delicate food and costly dress agree not with penitence; and that is no great grief which never comes to light'" . Jonah 3:1-10 Ask The Ninevites; ALAN STEWART. What the diadem accomplished not, the ashes accomplished. A. M. 3233. Jonah 3: 6 Then word came to the king of Nineveh; and he arose from his throne and laid aside his robe, covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes. This was the large costly upper garment, so called from its amplitude It is the name of the goodly Babylonian garment Joshua 7:21 which Achan coveted. And God saw their works — He not only heard their good words, by which they professed repentance, but saw their good works, by which they brought forth fruits meet for repentance. Rick Morley, 2012. Salem Media Group. In this chapter we have, I. Jonah's mission renewed, and the command a second time given him to go preach at Nineveh . "Five Words." 4 Then Jonah began to go through the city one day's walk; and he cried out and said, "Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown." 3:1 "the word of the Lord came to Jonah" This reflects 1:1. Jonah 3:4b Commentary; Jonah 3:5 Commentary; Jonah 3:6-9 Commentary; Jonah 3:10 Commentary; All notes on Pdf; FRANKLIN KIRKSEY. of Fortunately, the story is familiar. 3. It is interesting to find it used of the “Babylonish garment,” found in Achan’s tent. The commentary on Jonah in this volume was written by Joyce Baldwin. Jonah 3:6-10. And he laid . 3 So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Jonah 3:6 "For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." Jonah had made a serious mistake and suffered serious consequences. 2 Traditionally, many ascribe authorship to Jonah son of Amittai (cf. Jonah 3:3 Nineveh; Jonah 3 Nineveh; DAVID STRAIN. Background 1. Commentary, Jonah 3:1-5, 10, Callie Plunket-Brewton, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2012. Jonah 3:1 The God of the Second Chance; JOHN KITTO. (b.c. 1 And the word of the Lord came unto Jonah the second time, saying,. Medieval commentary tradition. Fortunately, the story is familiar. Jonah: A Commentary, Volume 32 James Limburg No preview available - 1993. . Kings were buried as they lived, in splendid apparel; and rich adornments were buried with them. Jonah 3:6-8 KJV - For word came unto the king of Nineveh, - Bible Gateway For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. Jonah sent again to Nineveh, preaches there. Jonah 3:6 For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. Fortunately, the story is familiar. See Joshua 7:21), the monarch assumes a mourning dress. The foundational proposition and premise of the book of Jonah is that God is not a respecter of persons nor places. Jonah 3:4b Commentary; Jonah 3:5 Commentary; Jonah 3:6-9 Commentary; Jonah 3:10 Commentary; All notes on Pdf; FRANKLIN KIRKSEY. Malachi 3:6, “For I am the Lord, I do not change; Therefore you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob.” He 13:8, “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever.” Jas 1:17, “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.” Proud member The Ordinary Gloss, or Glossa Ordinaria, was the most important Christian commentary on the Bible in the later Middle Ages. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands.” Then, “God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish” (Jonah 3:6 … The prophet Jonah (= a dove) is already mentioned in 2 Kings 14:25. The fish literally threw up Jonah on a beach and allowed him to go on his mission. Jonah 3 English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 23:06 (UTC). To form a conception of the change involved, the descriptions of Assyrian royal magnificence should be studied in Layard, or their representations in the Assyrian courts of the Crystal Palace. Chapter 4. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Langua ge) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. Marvelous! Rollin's Ancient History, vol. 7 And he caused it to be proclaimed and published throughout Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything; do not let them eat, or drink water. Jonah 3:6–10 6 When Jonah’s warning reached the king of Nineveh, he rose from his throne, took off his royal robes, covered himself with sackcloth and sat down in the dust. Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. 58:5). Commentary, Jonah 3:1-5, 10, Callie Plunket-Brewton, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2012. Obadiah. As worn by kings, it was the most magnificent part of their dress, and a special part of their state. – Jonah 3:6. Unfortunately, our memories do not always serve us well. Micah. (t) "in cinere illo", Vatablus, Tarnovius. Jonah is structured in such a way that Jonah's first commission (chapters 1-2) is contrasted with his second commission (chapters 3-4). For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. Summary- As soon as Jonah’s proclamation reached Nineveh’s king, he began mourning, and proclaimed that every man and beast in the land should refrain from eating food or drinking. Read Jonah 3 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Then the army of the country of Assyriadefeated Syria in war, which made Sy… Jonah: An Exegetical Commentary Ch. "Jonah challenges the perspective of the righteously indignant to put aside moral superiority and take on the character of God, whose mercy is from everlasting to everlasting." The king of Nineveh, thought to be either Adad-nirari III (810-783), or Assurdan III (772 – 755), exchanged his royal robes for sackcloth and ashes (Job 42:6; Isa. Jonah was a *prophet in the land of Israel about 800-750 BC.During this time, an important event happened to Israel. "And he laid his robe from him." Chapter 2. 3 So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord.Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. Commentary on Jonah, Micah, Nahum by John Calvin. 1. Unfortunately, our memories do not always serve us well. The prince, becoming religious, lost not his empire but changed it. Jonah 3:6 Context. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the fish’s belly. Chapter 3. In this chapter we have, I. Jonah's mission renewed, and the command a second time given him to go preach at Nineveh (v. 1, 2). Jonah 3 Hebrew with Rashi's Commentary; Christian. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Jonah. Read Introduction to Jonah . In this commentary on the prophet Jonah, the author will take the reader on a tour of the historical background, the main characters and their role, the main argument, the main purpose, and an … Author and Time of Writing . Study the bible online using commentary on Jonah 3 and more! The Hebrew in this verse literally means, "Cry the cry that I bid thee"; [3] and it has reference to the fervor, earnestness, and urgency which are to mark the preaching. 58:5). Genesis 37:34; 2Samuel 3:31; Job 2:8; Psalm 35:13; Ezekiel 26:16, &c. And he arose from his throne - He lost no time; he heard, "and he arose" . Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 1 And the word of the Lord came unto Jonah the second time, saying, 2 Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee. 4 And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown. Israel shared itsnorthern border with Syria. 3. Jonah 2:1. Jonah, like Christ’s analogy of being in the earth for three days, remained in this fish’s belly and lives through it. 3:1-5 A Calling Revived. "Jonah challenges the perspective of the righteously indignant to put aside moral superiority and take on the character of God, whose mercy is from everlasting to everlasting." Jonah 3:6. or "in the" or "that ashes" F20; used in such times of mourning, which were either strewed under him, or put upon his head; and this, with the other, were done to afflict the body, and affect the mind with a sense of sin, and the misery threatened for sin, and to shaw deep humiliation for it. Biblical Commentary Jonah 3:1-5, 10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This is one of those scripture passages where the preacher must know the underlying story to make sense of the lectionary readings. Fortunately, the story is familiar. Malachi 3:6, “For I am the Lord, I do not change; Therefore you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob.” He 13:8, “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever.” Jas 1:17, “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.” Jonah 3:1-10 Revival; PHIL NEWTON. (1-4) Nineveh is spared upon the repentance of the inhabitants. And their city was 500 miles (800 kilometres) away! He forgets that he is a king, fearing God, the King of all; he remembereth not his own power, coming to own the power of the Godhead. Jonah 3:6 The People of Nineveh Repent 6 The word reached 3 the king of Nineveh, and p he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, q and sat in ashes. DAILY GOSPEL AND COMMENTARY: THE SIGN OF JONAH (Lk 11:29-32) Wednesday, 1st week of Lent. Nineveh Repents. Rick Morley, 2012. Jonah Goes to Nineveh. Then word came to the king of Nineveh; and he arose from his throne and laid aside his robe, covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes. The third chapter begins in nearly the same way as chapter 1, “The word of the Lord came to Jonah…” The message was almost identical to the first with two minor changes: 1. Jonah: A Commentary James Limburg No preview available - 1993. Common terms and phrases. While he remembereth not that he is a king of men, he beginneth to be a king of righteousness. Calvin's Commentary on the Bible. Jonah 3:6 Commentaries: When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he arose from his throne, laid aside his robe from him, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes. Jonah's message to Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. A. M. 3233. So, Jonah decided to go in the opposite direction, aiming for Tarshish (probably a place in Spain, famous for its ships). He saw that they turned from their evil way — And that was what he looked for and required. God gave Jonah a mission, and Jonah tried to decline the mission, but God would not let him. He is in perfect and complete control, and he will not allow some patriotic, Jewish prophet to keep Him from performing what He wants to do. Jonah 3:6, ESV: "The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." Jonah 3:3 Nineveh; Jonah 3 Nineveh; DAVID STRAIN. Any message, the urgency of which is denied by the manner of its delivery, will be fruitless. 7 And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. Test. December 14, 2017. Although this phrase is one of the several indications in the book of Jonah of Nineveh’s impressive size, interpreters are not precisely sure what “a three-day walk” means. The word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: “Set out for the great city of Nineveh, and announce to it the message that I will tell you.” He went down to g Joppa and found a ship going to f Tarshish. That is why I fled beforehand to Tarshish. Rather, they should cover themselves in sackcloth and call out mightily to the Lord. For I … Continue reading "Commentary on Jonah 3:10—4:11" Jonah finally delivered the message to … 2. Next, the king called for a fast and decreed “let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) Scofield: Definitions: Interlinear: Library: Topical Studies: X-References: Verse Comparison: Jonah 3:6. Jonah … For reasons that make the book of Jonah a ripping good story, it takes a good while for Jonah to get to Nineveh. Seest thou, I said not groundlessly that we should fear, not fasting but drunkenness and satiety? “Who knows?” … Continue reading "Commentary on Jonah 3:10—4:11" 2. p. 30. 1 Now the word of the L ord came to a Jonah the son of Amittai, saying, 2 “Arise, go to b Nineveh, that c great city, and call out against it, d for their evil 1 has come up before me.” 3 But Jonah e rose to flee to f Tarshish from the presence of the L ord. His making use of us is an evidence of his being at peace with us. Clarke's Jonah 3:6 Bible Commentary Word came unto the king - This, some think, was Pul; others, Sardanapalus his son, king of Assyria, who flourished in the reign of Jeroboam the Second: but it seems more probable that the monarch here alluded to was a … But when he finally delivers God’s message, the word spreads throughout the city. "It was a marvelous thing, that purple was outvied by sackcloth. Jonah intended to run away from God. Chapter 1. Existing ruins show that Nineveh acquired its greatest extent under the kings of the second dynasty, that is, the kings mentioned in Scripture; it was then that Jonah visited it, and the reports of its magnificence were carried to the west [LAYARD]. Introduction. Continued from Ch. 840.) We find ourselves with Jonah in the belly of the fish praying to God. Jonah 3:6-10. Now the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying, “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I tell you.”. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. For word came to the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. The book does not say who wrote it. F19 Annales Vet. In fact, we have been divinely wired … Continue reading "Commentary on Jonah 3:10—4:11" If he had not seen that, their fasting and sackcloth would have been as nothing in his account. Jonah 3:6, ESV: "The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." Test. 4 Then Jonah began to go through the city one day's walk; and he cried out and said, "Yet forty days and Nineveh will be overthrown." 2 Kings 14:25), placing the book somewhere in the eighth century (BC). Wise king, who, for the saving of his people, owns himself a sinner rather than a king. Jonah is structured in such a way that Jonah's first commission (chapters 1-2) is contrasted with his second commission (chapters 3-4). First is God's grace shown to His prophet, Jonah, by extending him a second chance after his flagrant rebellion in chapter 1. 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. All rights reserved. Book List. 6 Views. The king of Nineveh dreads no charge of precipitancy nor man's judgment . For drunkenness and satiety shook the city through and through, and were about to overthrow it; when it was reeling and about to fall, fasting stablished it" . Thomas E. McComiskey — The Minor Prophets (2009 [1992]). II. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. Before, he held the princedom of military discipline; now, he obtained the princedom in heavenly disciplines.". Jonah finds himself in a similar situation with God. Not unlike the older brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:11-31), Jonah resents the graciousness of Yhwh toward the repentant inhabitants of Nineveh: He [Jonah] prayed to the LORD, saying, “O LORD! Jonah's Mission Renewed; The Prophet's Mission to Nineveh. On Jonah, Stuart argues for the historicity of the book. and he arose from his throne; where he sat in great majesty and splendour, encircled by his nobles, receiving their caresses and compliments; or, it may be, giving audience to foreign ambassadors, sent to court his friendship and alliance; or hearing causes, and redressing the grievances of his subjects; for he appears to be one that did not indulge himself in hunting, and such like exercises, or in his lusts and pleasures: and he laid his robe from him; his royal apparel, his imperial robe, and garments of his glory, as the Targum; or his glorious garments, with which he was richly and most magnificently arrayed; he put off these, and left his throne, in token of his concern at hearing such dismal tidings as the overthrow of his capital city, and of his humiliation and abasement: and covered him with sackcloth; which was very rough and coarse, and must be very disagreeable to a person so tender and delicate, and was what the meanest of his subjects wore on this occasion: and sat in ashes; or "in the" or "that ashes" (t); used in such times of mourning, which were either strewed under him, or put upon his head; and this, with the other, were done to afflict the body, and affect the mind with a sense of sin, and the misery threatened for sin, and to shaw deep humiliation for it. 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